Causes, Treatment, and Caring of Plantar Fasciitis
Heel pain often results from pressure exerted on plantar fascia, this condition is sometimes known as heel spur syndrome because of the presence of a spur, it is, however, good to note that heel pain can also result from a fracture, tendon problems, arthritis disease, or in unusual case a cyst. Given many possible sources the pain in the heel, it is imperative to have the heel pain examined by a reliable and reputable ankle surgeon for proper diagnoses, a good and experience ankle surgeon can distinguish between all probabilities and to identify the source of the heel pain. A significant number of people have no idea what plantar fasciitis is, in simple term, it is swelling of the plantar fascia that connects heel to toes, the heel pain starts when fascia is irritated and become inflamed which in turn cause a sharp stabbing pain emanating from the heel. This article outlines some causes symptoms, diagnosis, and current non-surgical treatment of heel pain.
The primary cause of plantar fasciitis is poor foot structure, this is observed in people with flat feet, abnormal arched feet, or people with arches problems, plantar fasciitis can also develop because of using poor shoes on rigid flat surfaces because they put excessive pressure on the band tissue leading to plantar fasciitis, this is normally seen in people with a job that demand long hours of standing or obese people.
Some main telltale signs of plantar fasciitis are pain from beneath the heel, and from the arch, the pain increases on standing and continues to worsen over time, the pain normally worsens on standing after sitting for a good number of hours, but the pain disappears after a small walk, the reason is that walking helps in stretching the plantar fascia.
To be diagnosed with plantar fasciitis, doctor obtains medical history and examines the foot feeling the pain, to make a final diagnosis the surgeon must rule out all other types of heel pain, the ankle surgeon may use imaging diagnostics such as x-rays to establish the type of heel pain you are experiencing, there are instances when a spur is present in a patient with plantar fasciitis, though rare it is a possibility, in such a situation the patient is diagnosed with plantar fasciitis or heel spur syndrome.
Some of the non-surgical treatment available to manage or treat plantar fasciitis includes stretches of calf muscles, avoiding walking barefoot, use ice, 20 min daily to reduce inflammation, you can use medications such as oral nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), and use shoes that are designed with supportive arch.